Asia, India, China, Russia, News September 2020, Varieties

A brief description of the most common potato varieties cultivated in India

In this article, author Sangeeta Soni provides a list and brief description of 14 most commonly grown potato varieties in India. She writes that potatoes have been cultivated in the country for at least the past 300 years. Three of the varieties that Soni describes briefly in her article is Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Chandramukhi, and Kufri Jyoti.

Kufri Sindhuri: This variety of potato is mainly grown in Bihar, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Jammu Kashmir. This potato crop matures in 110-120 days. This potato can tolerate temperature and water stress at some extent. Medium and deep round eyes. This is moderately resistant to early blight and can tolerate Potato Leaf Roll Virus. Average yield of this potato is 40 tonnes per hectare. This potato is suitable for processing.

Kufri Chandramukhi: Mostly grown in Bihar, Gujrat, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. This potato crop matures in 80-90 days. Large, oval, white, slightly flattened, fleet eyes and dull white flesh. Average yield of this potato is 25 tonnes per hectare. This potato is suitable for making instant flakes and chips.

Kufri Jyoti: Mostly grown in Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and West Bengal. Large and oval in shape and fleet eyes and, white flesh. Average yield of this potato is 20 tonnes per hectare. This potato is moderately resistant to early and late blight disease. This potato is suitable for processing.

Source: Krishi Jagran. Read Sangeeta Soni’s full article here

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