North America, Pests and Diseases

Canada’s Alberta province officially declared PCN-free

A team effort led to Alberta being declared Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN) free – improving trade prospects for potato producers, according to the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry in the province, Devin Dreeshen.

In an online news article posted to the Government of Alberta website, Dreeshen says “Alberta exports the most seed potatoes in Canada, so the suspected presence of PCN in the province has been a challenge for producers looking to export their products to the United States and Asia. This PCN-free milestone is welcome news for our producers.”

Dreeshen points out that the declaration comes as the result of a team effort between a PCN affected farm, the Government of Alberta, Potato Growers of Alberta, Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) programming and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

In 2007, the CFIA placed 2 fields in Alberta under a Notice of Prohibition after routine testing raised suspicion of the presence of PCN. With the production of potatoes in these fields halted, years of restrictions and surveillance followed across the province. Other Alberta potato farmers were ultimately able to resume export of seed potatoes to the U.S. in January 2009, though the issue has continued to impact international market access for Alberta seed potatoes. Alberta’s government helped procure the funding to get seed potatoes back in the ground. In total, 39 farmers, including the 2 with suspect presence of PCN, received $16M in federal-provincial assistance.

More than a decade later, the CFIA has now removed the restrictions after the 2020 tests all came back negative.

Dreeshen says in his article that more than $200,000 in Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) Surveillance Program funding was dedicated to restoring the province’s disease-free status. CAP funding helped cover costs for farm inputs, including seed, as testing requires a crop is grown and then verified disease-free.

“Potatoes are a billion-dollar industry in Alberta,” Dreeshen says. “This announcement will help us re-claim market access and will lead to fewer restrictions as we pursue new markets. We are excited to move forward, promoting trade and providing easier access to the high-quality seed potatoes grown in Alberta.”

Source: Government of Alberta. Original article here
Photo: Spring planting at West Edmonton Seed Potatoes | Courtesy The Grower

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