After a very wet summer in Europe, slow and difficult harvesting conditions were experienced in Belgium, Holland and Germany during the 2021 cropping season. The Northwest European Potato Growers association (NEPG) reports that after one of the most humid summers in the last few decades, an end to harvesting came at a slow pace this season, and was somewhat difficult in most countries. France was the exception with a very easy and rapid harvest.
In many cases, farmers delayed their harvest waiting for rain to better their harvest conditions, but at the end this sometimes ended up with slow harvesting conditions and yields. End of September and into October and November (Belgium), potato harvesters were running at 60 to 70 % of their capacity making the whole process slower.
Gross yields average to good. Net yields good to average. Processors taking almost all the potatoes
Depending on countries and sub regions, gross yields were mostly average to good, but net yields will be lower due to a considerable amount of losses in fields (water damage) and physiological problems such hollow hearts, split potatoes nd growth cracks. And also due to storing problems which have started in some cases. But the industry, who very much needs all potatoes, is taking on most of the tubers without making much of a fuss.
2021 production in the NEPG
In 2021, potato area in the NEPG went down by around 24.000 ha, from 522.000 to 498.000 ha. Global production should be around 22,7 million tonnes (MT), which is 0,70 MT tonnes less than 2020. This decrease, coupled with the resumption of most export flows of processed products, leads to a certain balance between current supply and demand.
Free markets remain supported by the reluctance of producers to sell what is now in storage, and by the dynamics of finished product sales (factories are having difficulty rebuilding stocks). Industrial processing, however, faces supply difficulties and cost increases for some inputs (energy, oils, packaging, labour), while distant exports remain dependent on the possible resurgence of Covid-19 around the world. These uncertainties aside, most observers nevertheless expect balanced markets throughout the season, with farm prices at least similar to contracts.
Higher production costs, bullish cereal prices and uncertainty about contract prices could influence 2022
All along last season and calendar year, different production cost have gone up. Diesel and electricity have dramatically increased, spray costs were higher due to enormous late blight pressure. For next season fertilizer prices have increased more than 50 % for potash, and between 200 and 300 % for nitrogen. During the same time, prices producers get for cereals and rape have also increased, making these crops more interesting and certainly much less risky than potato growing.
Potato growing involves ever higher risks, be it financially (higher production costs) or regarding climate change issues. This year’s (harvest 2021) contract prices went down by 0,50 €/100 kg to 2 €/100 kg compared to last year’s one, depending on type of potato (early or maincrop, variety) and country.
The NEPG reckons that contract prices for 2022/2023 should increase by at least between 3 to 4 €/100 kg to be interesting and worth considering by potato farmers. If not, area decreases could be the solution to better financial situations for growers.
Source: NEPG. Original report with detailed statistics here